Is Isotretinoin or the birth control pill more effective for hormonal acne that runs in the family?
I'm a 22 year old female. I've had acne since I was 15. I believe that my acne is genetic + hormonal as my dad still has acne. Antiobiotics and topicals did not work well for me. A GP started me on Isotretinoin 10mg/day, but a dermatologist has told me that she thinks the birth control pill and some light therapy will work better. I'm in a dilemma now as I do not know whether I should go with the GP or the dermatologist?
I agree with Dr Theng that isotretinoin works for most acne including hormonal type. Acne is often a trial and error treatment but I think both isotretinoin and birth control pills have a good chance to work. Both types have their own pros and cons and you really have to talk to your dermatologist about what are their advantages and disadvantages.
I personally feel both are pretty effective but ask yourself based on the side effects, which would you be more suited to. If you are sexaully active, you have to be very careful as oral isotretinoin is absolutely contraindicated with pregnancy. Furthermore if you regularly go under the sun, then oral isotretinoin can also lead to photosensitivity.
Birth control pills on the other hand may not be ideal if you have weight gain concerns. There is also a small chance it may worsen pigmentations like Horis Naevus and melasma. So speak to the doctor carefully on their potential side effects and whether which are your major concerns.
Hope that helps.
You are right that acne can be due to both genetic and hormonal factors. Isotretinoin is effective for most types of acne including hormonal acne. I do think that it is a good option for hormonal acne too.
Hormonal acne does respond well to treatment with birth control pills too. It is difficult to say that this is a better option compared to isotretinoin. With isotretinoin, it is important to avoid getting pregnant, so if you are sexually active, the birth control pills have an added benefit.
Do discuss your concerns with your doctors. They will be able to clarify your doubts.
You are quite right that genetic and hormonal reasons are the 2 more common causes for acne. At the same time, there are also other possible causes that may have aggravated your conditions, making your treatment less effective.
While Isotretinion and hormonal treatments are both highly effective, these 2 treatments are often done in combinations. First to prevent pregnancy while on isotretinion, second to potentiate the result. Once the acne is under control, I may remove the isotretinoin once it achieve the targeted dosage based on your weight.
Since both treatments have their own risks and benefits, it is important to consider them carefully before starting the treatment and also to monitor potential side effects. It is also possible to add in certain gentle light therapy or even light chemical peel, depending on your skin condition after starting the treatment. It has to be monitor carefully to prevent unwanted side effects. Excessive treatment may increase the risk of complication.
Do go through your skincare regime with your doctor as it is an important component of the treatment. While some cleanser may help to reduce the clots in oily skin, excessive treatment may dry the skin and trigger more production of the oil(sebum) as a protective mechanism. It is also crucial to have the right moisturiser to keep the skin moist but not clot the skin. Please use lots of sunblock while on isotretinoin now. Your skin is now more sensitive than before.
Just because you are now on isotretinoin, you should not abandon the topical treatment. Do continue with a appropriate topical treatment like differin for better result.
In case you are wondering, diet may also affect the outcome of your treatment. While diet is not the cause of acne, some studies notice that taking a diet with high gylcaemic index (e.g. sugar, cake, soft drink) often aggravates the acne. Some also notice that diary products, especially skim milk, may have similar bad effect.
By taking care the various possible causation and aggravating factors, hopefully, you can achieve better control and be acne free. Cheers!
Dr Elias Tam