Joint arthrosis, also known as osteoarthritis, is a very common condition. That is especially true in older people. It is the most common type of arthritis, and is caused by normal wear and tear on the joints and cartilages.
The diagnosis is usually made based on:
- Patient's medical history & symptoms
- Physical examination of the joint (range of motion and pain level)
On top of that, there are also some tests that doctors would recommend to determine the type or cause of arthritis. These can include:
- Blood tests -- checks for inflammation or infection
- Imaging tests -- X-rays or ultrasound to scan the affected area
- CT or MRI scans -- only in very rare cases when there is a suspicion of other conditions or complications
Joint arthrosis is a common cartilage degenerative disease. It is also known as osteoarthritis.
The condition can be diagnosed through 2 ways: 
- A detailed clinical history and examination
The most common symptom is joint pain. Some patients also complain of morning stiffness and decreased range of motion. By analyzing your symptoms and physically examining the joints, doctors are able to diagnose the condition, even without laboratory testing.
- Imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans
These methods are useful in confirming the diagnosis and also in ruling out other similar conditions. This is especially if there is a suspicion of other muscle injuries.
Getting the correct diagnosis is an important step in determining the most appropriate treatment route. If you are experiencing any discomfort around your joints, it will be best to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
1. Sinusas K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Treatment. American Family Physician. 2012;85(1):49-56. Accessed January 7, 2020.