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What are the ways to diagnose joint arthrosis?

Orthopaedic Surgery Geriatrics
DOCTOR’S ANSWER (2)

Joint arthrosis, also known as osteoarthritis, is a very common condition. That is especially true in older people. It is the most common type of arthritis, and is caused by normal wear and tear on the joints and cartilages.

The diagnosis is usually made based on:

  • Patient's medical history & symptoms
  • Physical examination of the joint (range of motion and pain level)

On top of that, there are also some tests that doctors would recommend to determine the type or cause of arthritis. These can include:

  • Blood tests -- checks for inflammation or infection
  • Imaging tests -- X-rays or ultrasound to scan the affected area
  • CT or MRI scans -- only in very rare cases when there is a suspicion of other conditions or complications

Dr Kam Hon Yoon
MBBS MRCP (UK), M.Med (Internal Medicine) FAMS (Rheumatology, Int. Medicine)

EL SHADDAI ARTHRITIS + RHEUMATISM SPECIALIST MEDICAL CENTRE

102 TOWNER ROAD,

#01-258,

Singapore 322102


104 views 7 Jan 2020
Dr Aaron Gan
"Offering a finer touch in hand and reconstructive microsurgery"
Whatsapp

Joint arthrosis is a common cartilage degenerative disease. It is also known as osteoarthritis.

The condition can be diagnosed through 2 ways: [1]

  • A detailed clinical history and examination

    The most common symptom is joint pain. Some patients also complain of morning stiffness and decreased range of motion. By analyzing your symptoms and physically examining the joints, doctors are able to diagnose the condition, even without laboratory testing.

  • Imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans

    These methods are useful in confirming the diagnosis and also in ruling out other similar conditions. This is especially if there is a suspicion of other muscle injuries.

Getting the correct diagnosis is an important step in determining the most appropriate treatment route. If you are experiencing any discomfort around your joints, it will be best to consult a doctor as soon as possible.


References:

1. Sinusas K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Treatment. American Family Physician. 2012;85(1):49-56. Accessed January 7, 2020.


Dr Aaron Gan
MBBS (Singapore), MRCS (Edinburgh), MMed (Surgery)

Centre for Hand And Reconstructive MicroSurgery

3 MOUNT ELIZABETH,

MOUNT ELIZABETH MEDICAL CENTRE #06 - 05,

Singapore 228510


91 views 7 Jan 2020
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Disclaimer: Any answers provided are for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment.

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Disclaimer: Any answers provided are for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment.

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