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Breast Cancer Profile Image

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, a newly inverted nipple, or a red or scaly patch of skin.

Risk factors for breast cancer

  • Obesity
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Alcohol
  • Hormone replacement therapy during menopause
  • Radiation
  • Early age at first menstruation
  • Having children late or not at all
  • Older age
  • Family history of breast cancer

Diagnosis of breast cancer

The diagnosis of breast cancer is confirmed by taking a biopsy of the concerning lump. Once the diagnosis is made, further tests are done to determine if the cancer has spread beyond the breast and which treatments are most likely to be effective.

1% of men and 12% of women have been diagnosed with breast cancer. To paint a more positive image, 7 out of 8 women have NOT been diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. 

Cancer grows through cell division, and cannot be felt through touch until the 30th division. By the time you feel a cancerous lump on your breast, the cancer has usually been around for 2-5 years. 

There are 4 stages to breast cancer. To gauge which stage of breast cancer an individual is on, doctors use measurements such as:

  • The size of the tumor within the breast
  • The number of affected lymph nodes
  • Signs indicating that the cancer cells have invaded other organs of the body

Breast cancer treatment

Rest assured, there is a cure to the most common type of breast cancer: ductal carcinoma in situ.
In those who have been diagnosed with cancer, a number of treatments may be used. For example:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Targeted therapy.

Types of surgery vary from breast-conserving surgery to mastectomy. Breast reconstruction may take place at the time of surgery or at a later date.

In those in whom the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, treatments are mostly aimed at improving quality of life and comfort.

Hi there, Your symptoms sound like they way be related to some form of nipple eczema or dermatitis. Especially since the symptoms worsen with sweating and is associated with intense itch. What you should do is to see a doctor for a consultation as only when a doctor examines t...
15 Feb 2019
Thank you for your question. There can be multiple causes of a lump affecting the armpit. The common causes would be an ingrown hair, infection of a hair follicle, cysts or lipomas. The more worrying causes like an enlarged lymph node due to breast cancer must also be excluded. I...
11 Mar 2019
Thank you for your question! I hope you are recovering well from your mastectomy. There are basically 2 forms of breast reconstruction available to you: use of your own tissue (autologous reconstruction) or implant-based reconstruction. I assume from your question that you are m...
22 Feb 2019
I am sorry to hear that you have been feeling these symptoms for almost an entire month. There can be many different causes of soreness in your breasts. The cause will also then depend on many different factors in your life such as whether you are breast feeding, on any hormonal ...
28 Dec 2018
The causes of cancer are multi-factorial. For example, the following factors all play a role: Family history/genetics Lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise Body weight Smoking and alcohol Sleep habits Exposure to environmental cancer-causing chemicals ...
23 May 2018
I would strongly suggest genetic counselling and getting yourself checked for hereditary breast cancer based on your family history. But before that I usually advise that my patients have medical and hospitalisation insurance sorted for yourself and your family members. Even wi...
16 Nov 2018
First and foremost, I am sorry to hear about your diagnosis of breast cancer and I hope you are recovering well from your surgery. In the treatment of any cancer, it is always important to consider the stage of the tumour (how advanced it is, how much it has spread) and also ce...
26 Jan 2018

If You Have A Family History Of Breast Cancer, Should You Go For A Prophylactic Mastectomy?

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Singaporean women. More than 29% of all cancers diagnosed in women are breast cancers. 

Studies have shown that your breast cancer risk is higher if you have a first-degree or multiple relatives with breast cancer. 

In hopes of avoiding future disease, a DxD reader with a strong family history of breast cancer wanted to know if she should go for a prophylactic mastectomy even though she has not been diagnosed with breast cancer. She shared that her mother and two of her aunts had the disease. 

Dr Evan Woo, a plastic surgeon who is noted for his specialisation in breast cancer surgery and reconstruction shared his professional advice

192 views 21 Jan 2019

Breast Reconstruction Benefits Breast Cancer Patients; This Singaporean Plastic Surgeon Explains

Breast reconstruction procedures in Singapore were not very popular in the past due to a variety of reasons. However, as the number of women in the country diagnosed with breast cancer rises, many are beginning to opt for the surgery in order to improve their lives after mastectomies.

According to accredited plastic surgeon, Dr Christopher Chui, breast reconstruction is an integral part of breast cancer management. The aim with this surgery is to restore the natural form of patients' breasts after mastectomies.

He wrote a very detailed guide on DxD covering what to expect from breast reconstruction surgery in Singapore. Here are some of the key takeaways.

160 views 11 Jan 2019

The Complete Guide To Seeing A Breast Surgeon For Cancer In Singapore (2019)

Breast cancer has consistently accounted for the greatest number of deaths among all cancers diagnosed in women. It accounts for 1 in 3 cancers in women. However, when you google “breast surgeon Singapore”, you’ll be hard pressed to find helpful and educational information on this field in Singapore.

Therefore, as a specialist surgeon with more than 10 years of experience, I’ve decided to write this article. I want to help anyone who is seeking a breast surgeon.

It provides an overview of topics such as:

  • When you need to see a breast surgeon for cancer
  • The ‘different types’ of breast surgeons treating breast cancer in Singapore
  • How to find the best breast surgeon for yourself
  • The cost of seeing a breast surgeon in Singapore
569 views 16 Nov 2018
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