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Cancer Profile Image

Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

Signs and symptoms of cancer include:

  • Lumps
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Change in bowel habits

Common types of cancer:

  • Non-melanoma skin cancer - Affecting more than 1 million people a year
  • Lung cancer - causes the death of about 160,000 people annually
  • Breast cancer - most common in women 
  • Prostate cancer - most common in men
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Kidney cancer - diagnosed in over 49,000 people a year
  • Leukemia 

Causes of cancer:

  • Smoking causes 22% of cancer deaths
  • Obesity
  • Poor diet
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Excessive drinking of alcohol

How to prevent cancer

  • Not smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Not drinking too much alcohol
  • Eating plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains
  • Vaccination against certain infectious diseases
  • Not eating too much processed and red meat
  • Avoiding too much sunlight exposure

Detection of cancer:

In the US, 1 in 2 women and 1 in 3 men will develop cancer in their lifetime. Cancer can be detected via screening tests. It is then typically further investigated by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy.

Treatment of cancer:

Cancer is often treated with some combination of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. In general, the survival rates for each type of cancer is improving gradually.

Pain and symptom management are an important part of care. Palliative care is particularly important in people with advanced disease.

Cure for Cancer: 

Ultimately, there has been no definite cure for cancer but there definitely are treatments for it. Many experts believe that the cure for cancer has already been discovered but has been banned from being utilised because of medical guidelines to prescribed medication. For example, there is a possibility that there is a cure that works on human beings but causes harm or is ineffective on lab mice, hence has been disposed of as a potential cure. 

Read this post for more information on cancer and health screening in Singapore.

Sub-Topics

Breast Cancer Profile Image
Breast Cancer

18 Answers | 12K Views

View guide posts
Skin Cancer Profile Image
Skin Cancer

9 Answers | 5K Views

View guide posts
Dr Paul Ang
Dr Paul Ang
"Family Physician with special interest in Mental Health"
(1 Reviews)
The Gardasil 9 vaccination provides protection against cervical cancer as well as warts. When a medication or injection is approved by the government, it relies on research to support the claims made by the medications. In this case, the claim is that: In the few thousands of patients that the co...
20 Jul 2019

The Ultimate Guide To Dealing With Prostate Cancer By A Singaporean Urologist (2019)

The Ultimate Guide To Dealing With Prostate Cancer By A Singaporean Urologist (2019)

Did you know that Prostate Cancer is one of the three leading causes of cancer in Singaporean males?

According to the 2015 Annual Registry Report by Singapore Cancer Registry, prostate cancer has become prevalent in Singapore. In fact, prostate cancer accounts for 13% of all cancers amongst the male population in Singapore. [1]

Dr Ronny Tan is a board-certified Singaporean urologist that shares his advice on how to deal with prostate cancer. Read on to find out about coping with symptoms and treatment side effects.

427 views 5 Jul 2019
Thank you for your question. The throat can be medically divided into the pharynx and larynx. The pharynx is broadly divided into three parts: Nasopharynx (the area at the back of your nose) Oropharynx (the area behind your mouth) Hypopharynx (the throat area just around...
30 Jun 2019
As your symptoms have persisted for about 6 years, your problem is very unlikely to be due to colon cancer. If the symptoms were due to cancer, your symptoms should have changed within a few years. In your case, you should speak to your family physician about the symptoms and he/she...
27 Jun 2019

This Singapore Plastic Surgeon Discusses The Link Of Textured Breast Implants To Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL)

This Singapore Plastic Surgeon Discusses The Link Of Textured Breast Implants To Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL)

Breast implants are prosthetics that are used to alter the shape, size, and contour of a person’s breasts. They are commonly used for breast reconstruction in women after breast cancer surgery or for correction of deformities from birth. They are also used to augment the natural appearance of breasts in women seeking cosmetic enhancements. Getting breast implants is increasingly common and patients have been seeing positive results. However, recent developments have led to a correlation between breast implants and BIA-ALCL (Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma).

There has been an increased incidence of BIA-ALCL reported mainly in America, Europe, and Australia over the years and Singapore has seen it’s first case recently. What is this condition and how does it affect patients who have been diagnosed or who are at risk of being exposed? Here are facts and concerns surrounding BIA-ALCL and the relation to other potential issues regarding breast implants.

376 views 19 Jun 2019

Dealing With Cervical Cancer: A Women's Gynaecological Cancer Awareness Campaign

Dealing With Cervical Cancer: A Women's Gynaecological Cancer Awareness Campaign

Cancer is not the death sentence it used to be thanks to advances in the field of cancer treatments. While some cancers may not have a definite cure at present, some can be eliminated with early detection and prevention. Cervical Cancer is a striking example, which can be prevented with life-saving interventions like screening tests or vaccinations.

In light of the Women’s Gynaecological Cancer Awareness Campaign 2019 by the Singapore Cancer Society, this article aims to highlight the role of early detection and prevention in fighting cancer. Here are some facts concerning cervical cancer and what you can do to prevent it.

Also read the Cancer Focus Vol 1 2019 on Women's Cancer from Singapore Cancer Society.

234 views 17 Jun 2019
Recurrence of a cancer is dependent on many factors and we are able to glean many details on these in the histopathology and radiology reports. Picture a cancer as an invading army in a foreign land, what are some of the strategies one must adopt to fight these unwelcome invaders? Y...
8 Jun 2019
Dear Mr Chang, Thank you for your question. A schwannoma is a benign nerve sheath tumor arising from differentiated Schwann cells. It can form on a variety of sites, most commonly on the limbs, occasionally on the head/neck regions, or even in the mouth. A vestibular schwannoma (also known as acou...
4 Jun 2019
Dear Ms Kay, A positive sentinel lymph node biopsy is certainly something to worry about. Once diagnosed as positive, it usually indicates the presence of cancer cells within the lymphatic system and suggests that the cancer is present and has also spread significantly. However, even with the pres...
4 Jun 2019
Dear Ms, Thank you for your question. Lymph nodes should first be palpated to ensure that they are lymph nodes. Palpation of the lymph nodes provides information about the possible presence of a malignant or inflammatory process and the localization or generalization of that process. The consisten...
4 Jun 2019
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