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Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

Signs and symptoms of cancer include:

  • Lumps
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Change in bowel habits

Common types of cancer:

  • Non-melanoma skin cancer - Affecting more than 1 million people a year
  • Lung cancer - causes the death of about 160,000 people annually
  • Breast cancer - most common in women 
  • Prostate cancer - most common in men
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Kidney cancer - diagnosed in over 49,000 people a year
  • Leukemia 

Causes of cancer:

  • Smoking causes 22% of cancer deaths
  • Obesity
  • Poor diet
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Excessive drinking of alcohol

How to prevent cancer

  • Not smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Not drinking too much alcohol
  • Eating plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains
  • Vaccination against certain infectious diseases
  • Not eating too much processed and red meat
  • Avoiding too much sunlight exposure

Detection of cancer:

In the US, 1 in 2 women and 1 in 3 men will develop cancer in their lifetime. Cancer can be detected via screening tests. It is then typically further investigated by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy.

Treatment of cancer:

Cancer is often treated with some combination of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. In general, the survival rates for each type of cancer is improving gradually.

Pain and symptom management are an important part of care. Palliative care is particularly important in people with advanced disease.

Cure for Cancer: 

Ultimately, there has been no definite cure for cancer but there definitely are treatments for it. Many experts believe that the cure for cancer has already been discovered but has been banned from being utilised because of medical guidelines to prescribed medication. For example, there is a possibility that there is a cure that works on human beings but causes harm or is ineffective on lab mice, hence has been disposed of as a potential cure. 

Read this post for more information on cancer and health screening in Singapore.

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Dr Ng Beng Yeong
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How cancer and treatment affect sexual desire The most common cancer treatments are surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy. These treatments, as well as the cancer itself, can have temporary or permanent effects on a person’s sexuality by changing: ...
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Treatment for a patient with colorectal cancer is based on the presumed stage of the disease. Make sure you speak to a colorectal surgeon as surgery is the cornerstone of your treatment. You will need to undergo blood tests and a full-body CT scan as the surgeon will need to ...
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The Ultimate Guide to Seeing a Urologist in Singapore (2020)

The Ultimate Guide to Seeing a Urologist in Singapore (2020)

Most of us don’t realise the importance of our urological health.

Your urinary tract filters waste from your bloodstream and expels them from your body along with excess fluid as urine, so a healthy urinary tract is vital for maintaining your physical well-being. 

Having healthy kidneys, which are part of the urinary tract, helps to:

  • prevent metabolic waste products from building up
  • remove excess fluids in your body
  • maintain balance of electrolytes
  • produce hormones that help regulate blood pressure
  • make red blood cells
  • keep bones strong

As our urinary tract plays such important functions, we cannot afford to take it for granted.

However, urinary tract infections (UTIs) can still happen even if you have done all that you could do to prevent it. You may then start wondering:

  • Who should I see?
  • At what point should I see them?
  • What happens when I see them?

In this article, I will be covering all your doubts about seeing a urologist. Hopefully, after reading this article, you can make the most informed decision when it comes to your urological health!

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UV Rays: Aesthetic Doctor Sheds Light on How You Can Reverse the Damage and Protect Your Skin

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Are you planning that idyllic holiday at the beach soon? Or are you a lover of the great outdoors? While you soak up the sunshine, you should be aware of how much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays you are getting. Too much of it can cause more than just an uncomfortable sunburn!

Read on to learn how to protect yourself from harmful UV rays while still having fun in the sun.

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From a gynaecologist's perspective, ovarian cysts in women are fluid-filled sacs that develop in one of the ovaries. There are many types of ovarian cysts and in most cases, the cysts are painless and cause no symptoms. Most ovarian cysts are benign or functional and go away wi...
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