Cancer Profile Image

Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

Signs and symptoms of cancer include:

  • Lumps
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Change in bowel habits

Common types of cancer:

  • Non-melanoma skin cancer - Affecting more than 1 million people a year
  • Lung cancer - causes the death of about 160,000 people annually
  • Breast cancer - most common in women 
  • Prostate cancer - most common in men
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Kidney cancer - diagnosed in over 49,000 people a year
  • Leukemia 

Causes of cancer:

  • Smoking causes 22% of cancer deaths
  • Obesity
  • Poor diet
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Excessive drinking of alcohol

How to prevent cancer

  • Not smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Not drinking too much alcohol
  • Eating plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains
  • Vaccination against certain infectious diseases
  • Not eating too much processed and red meat
  • Avoiding too much sunlight exposure

Detection of cancer:

In the US, 1 in 2 women and 1 in 3 men will develop cancer in their lifetime. Cancer can be detected via screening tests. It is then typically further investigated by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy.

Treatment of cancer:

Cancer is often treated with some combination of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. In general, the survival rates for each type of cancer is improving gradually.

Pain and symptom management are an important part of care. Palliative care is particularly important in people with advanced disease.

Cure for Cancer: 

Ultimately, there has been no definite cure for cancer but there definitely are treatments for it. Many experts believe that the cure for cancer has already been discovered but has been banned from being utilised because of medical guidelines to prescribed medication. For example, there is a possibility that there is a cure that works on human beings but causes harm or is ineffective on lab mice, hence has been disposed of as a potential cure. 

Read this post for more information on cancer and health screening in Singapore.

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Breast Cancer

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Skin Cancer

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A Comprehensive Guide to Colorectal Cancer in Singapore (2019)

A Comprehensive Guide to Colorectal Cancer in Singapore (2019)

In Singapore, about 1,900 people are diagnosed with colorectal cancer every year. It is the most common form of cancer in men above the age of 50.

Seeing blood in your stools can be frightening. However, it does not always mean that you have colorectal cancer. There are many other tell-tale signs.  

In this guide, I will cover topics about colorectal cancer that you should know about. They include:

Read on to find out.

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Subungual melanoma is a special type of melanoma in the nails which typically begins in the nail matrix. This is unlike the other types of nail melanoma. It can be mistaken for a subungual hematoma or bruise. Subungual melanoma is considered a rare condition as compared to the ...
8 Nov 2019
Chemotherapy drugs target cancer cells but they also affect organs where there is a high cell turnover , such as the liver, intestines and kidneys. As such, while chemotherapy will destroy cancer cells, the drugs can also harm these vital organs . When the chemotherapy dru...
6 Nov 2019
Constipation does not increase the risk of colorectal cancer. It is a common myth that constipation will increase the exposure of "toxic" contents in stools to the colonic cells, thereby increasing the risk of colorectal cancer. However, patients who suffer from constipati...
6 Nov 2019

An Oncologist's Ultimate Guide to Lung Cancer Treatment in Singapore (2019)

An Oncologist's Ultimate Guide to Lung Cancer Treatment in Singapore (2019)

Lung cancer is the 2nd most common cancer in Singaporean men. In women, it is the 3rd most common. Cancer happens when abnormal cells grow into tumours. When this affects the lungs, it can hinder breathing functions.

A cancer diagnosis can be scary. The good news is that there are now various new treatments that can greatly increase survival. It is most important to get a treatment that is individualised to your condition.

In this article, I will be discussing everything about lung cancer. Read on to find out more about its risk factors, diagnosis, and new treatment methods!

271 views 5 Nov 2019
Mastalgia (breast pain) is a common cause of discomfort and anxiety for women. Breast pain alone is rarely a presenting symptom of cancer. Mastalgia is more common in pre-menopausal women than in post-menopausal women. The etiology of breast pain is unknown. Its relationship t...
10 Oct 2019

Cancer Caregivers: The Greatest Form Of Support Through The Cancer Journey

Cancer Caregivers: The Greatest Form Of Support Through The Cancer Journey

Caregivers are the people that provide physical and mental support for cancer patients. They are undoubtedly an irreplaceable force and an important aspect in a patient’s cancer journey.

Cancer is scary and stressful for anyone. Its diagnosis tends to be sudden and random. I would believe that not one person in this world could have been prepared for it.

Treatment for cancer can be a long and tiring process, both physically and mentally. Caregivers are the ones that can give the greatest support to the patient throughout the treatment.

Providing support can be stressful in itself. I wrote this article to highlight the importance of caregivers. If you know of someone who is a caregiver, do give them a warm hug and applause. You may not realise it, but they are in as much stress and worry as the patients.

Find out more in the article!

521 views 10 Oct 2019
Plantar warts are small and will grow on the heels or other areas of your feet that are often put to pressure. Whereby the pressured area will form a thick and hard layer of skin, causing plantar warts to grow inward beneath this skin. Because of this, skin lesions may appea...
3 Oct 2019
Dysphagia and xerostomia are the main sequelae of chemoradiotherapy for head and neck cancers, such as nasopharyngeal cancers, and these are the main factors that can reduce a patient's quality of life. Dry mouth is also called xerostomia. Xerostomia results because of damage ...
27 Sep 2019
Urine cytology is a test where a urine sample is sent to the pathology lab to look out for cancer cells. Bladder cancers are usually transitional cell cancers arising from the urothelium which is the inner lining of the bladder, majority of the urethra (the urine tube wher...
20 Sep 2019
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