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Cancer Profile Image

Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

Signs and symptoms of cancer include:

  • Lumps
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Change in bowel habits

Common types of cancer:

  • Non-melanoma skin cancer - Affecting more than 1 million people a year
  • Lung cancer - causes the death of about 160,000 people annually
  • Breast cancer - most common in women 
  • Prostate cancer - most common in men
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Kidney cancer - diagnosed in over 49,000 people a year
  • Leukemia 

Causes of cancer:

  • Smoking causes 22% of cancer deaths
  • Obesity
  • Poor diet
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Excessive drinking of alcohol

How to prevent cancer

  • Not smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Not drinking too much alcohol
  • Eating plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains
  • Vaccination against certain infectious diseases
  • Not eating too much processed and red meat
  • Avoiding too much sunlight exposure

Detection of cancer:

In the US, 1 in 2 women and 1 in 3 men will develop cancer in their lifetime. Cancer can be detected via screening tests. It is then typically further investigated by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy.

Treatment of cancer:

Cancer is often treated with some combination of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. In general, the survival rates for each type of cancer is improving gradually.

Pain and symptom management are an important part of care. Palliative care is particularly important in people with advanced disease.

Cure for Cancer: 

Ultimately, there has been no definite cure for cancer but there definitely are treatments for it. Many experts believe that the cure for cancer has already been discovered but has been banned from being utilised because of medical guidelines to prescribed medication. For example, there is a possibility that there is a cure that works on human beings but causes harm or is ineffective on lab mice, hence has been disposed of as a potential cure. 

Read this post for more information on cancer and health screening in Singapore.

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A non-healing ulcer may be due to an underlying skin cancer like basal cell carcinoma. The 1st thing to do is to see your dermatologist to get it checked out. A skin biopsy can be done to confirm the if this is indeed due to a pigmented basal cell carcinoma. Once confirmed, ...
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Men without any family history of prostate cancer should undergo annual prostate checks from the age of 50 years old. Men with a family history of prostate cancer should start prostate checks from the age of 40 years old. These annual checks should be conducted till the age of 70...
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To find out more about getting a colonscopy in Singapore, you can read my Complete Guide To Colonoscopies In Singapore (2018) . A standard colonoscopy’s sensitivity is in the range of 95 – 98% accurate, while a CT Colonography’s sensitivity can range from 90...
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Piles’ bleeding often occurs after passing motion and typically presents with bright red blood. It should be noted that colon cancer seldom bleeds with visible blood in the stools until it is very advanced (that is why the stool tests are used to detect unseen blood in t...
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Great question. Bleeding from the back passage is actually one of the most common questions that get asked by friends. In short, the answer is you should see a GP. He 'll be able to determine the source of the bleeding by examining your back passage, and if it' ...
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Hello, There is a clinical entity known as coccydynia which matches your description to some extent. This condition is believed to be a result of tailbone (aka coccyx) inflammation presenting with local pain or dull ache and sometimes with a tender point at the upper portion o...
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Laparoscopic surgery, also known as keyhole surgery, has revolutionized abdominal surgery in many aspects. Colon cancer surgery has benefited tremendously from this technology and surgical advancement. In laparoscopic surgery, the wounds are smaller and with less injury to the muscle wall, the p...
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As far as possible, surgery should be the first choice to deal with the problem. Stenting is done when the patient is too weak to undergo surgery at the point of presentation. The patient may be dehydrated and have severe electrolyte imbalance due to the obstruction. In good ha...
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