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Cardiology Profile Image

Cardiology

Cardiology deals with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system. Heart disease leads to a significant number of deaths worldwide.

Heart Disease Definition:

Heart Disease/Cardiovascular disease refers to conditions that involve narrowed/blocked blood vessels, causing heart attacks. 

Heart Disease Includes:

  • Coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and heart attacks
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertension

 Symptoms of Heart Disease:

  1. Chest Pain - Tightnes/Pressure in chest
  2. Stomach Pain - Burning or Indigestion-type of pain
  3. Feeling hot and sweating
  4. Leg pain - cramping sensation in calves
  5. Choking Sensation
  6. Irregular heartbeat
  7. Swollen ankles
  8. Exhaustion

Causes of Heart Disease

  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Lack of exercise
  • Obesity
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Poor diet
  • Excessive alcohol consumption

Risks that are difficult to prevent: 

  • Age - the risk of getting heart disease is proportional to one's age 
  • Genetics - Having relatives with heart disease increases the risk of heart disease being passed down 
  • Gender - Men are at a greater risk of having heart disease compared to women

Prevention of Heart Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. Yet, it is estimated that 90% of heart disease is preventable. Prevention of atherosclerosis involves improving risk factors through: healthy eating, exercise, avoidance of tobacco smoke and limiting alcohol intake. Going for regular health screenings (Blood pressure/ Cholesterol levels/ Diabetes) is also a good habit to inculcate. 

Treating risk factors, such as high blood pressure, blood lipids and diabetes is also beneficial.

Hi, Intravenous fluids play an important role in the management of many patients, especially if they are (1) dehydrated or not drinking well; (2) losing bodily fluids rapidly, eg through vomiting, diarrhoea, high fever or certain kidney diseases or other medical problems; (3) sho...
10 Jan 2019
I agree with Dr Chris' comments. It sounds like the tooth abscess needs further attention. Tooth abscess may lead to complication outside oral cavity. In addition to what was mentioned by Dr Chris, it may also lead to blood borne infection. If this infection affects heart valve, ...
17 May 2018
Well, as I say to my patients, putting in the heart stent is just the start of a healing journey. Your real work starts now and it needs a consistent daily effort on your part (not just the first 3 months after angioplasty and then back to the old ways!!) Simple rules such as eat...
6 Aug 2018
I agree with Dr Nandakumar's comprehensive reply. To revascularize (stent or bypass) or not can be a simple question to answer in some but a rather difficult one to answer in some others. Assuming there is no contra-indication to the procedure, if one has cardiac symptom not c...
4 Jun 2018
The coronary angiogram is the current gold standard to establish the degree of coronary artery disease and with experience one can usually determine the stenosis with just “eyeballing”. However, I do use adjunct imaging inside the blood vessel itself, and this helps...
8 Aug 2018
Thank you for your question. For your case, vasovagal syncope is triggered by straining, long periods of standing, or stress. This can cause a sudden drop in your heart rate and blood pressure. There are a couple of things you can try before seeing your cardiologist: ...
4 Apr 2018
What you are experiencing is likely palpitations in your abdominal area (which would likely point to the abdominal aorta ). It would be good to visit a vascular surgeon for a detailed consultation to rule out conditions like aortic dissection and aneurysms. You ma...
19 Feb 2018
Light headed sensation when standing up from sitting or lying position may be quite normal for a lot of people, especially young female. This is called postural hypotension. Management usually consists of being aware of the issue and more cautious when standing up. Some people may feel light heade...
19 Nov 2018
It could be - the symptoms of myocarditis are usually breathlessness on exertion, fatigue, palpitations or sometimes a sensation of pressure in the chest. There are many viruses that cause it, but respiratory viruses are often the cause. Other causes can be: Auto-immune ...
16 Mar 2018
Dear Sharon, thanks for your question - it's quite a common concern amongst parents with children who are recovering from Kawasaki Disease! There has been a very similar question about precautions after Kawasaki Disease that has been answered over here, including advice on contac...
12 Feb 2018
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