Surgical Oncology

Surgical oncology focuses on the surgical management of tumors, especially cancerous tumors.

Stem cells are a special type of cells that have the capacity to self-renew indefinitely and can give rise to multiple cell lineages. They are present throughout life and vary in their potential for further specialization. Some can give rise to al... Read Full Answer
Transanal endoscopic surgery is a method of keyhole surgery without creating a scar by using the anus as a natural orifice access. A camera and 2 small keyhole instruments can be inserted to allow the surgery to be performed. It is used to remove... Read Full Answer
The CA 125 is a protein found in the blood and is often used as a tumour marker for ovarian cancer. The normal value is usually between 0 to 35 units/ml. CA 125 can be elevated in both benign and malignant conditions, so having a raised CA 125 doe... Read Full Answer
From a gynaecologist's perspective, ovarian cysts in women are fluid-filled sacs that develop in one of the ovaries. There are many types of ovarian cysts and in most cases, the cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.   Most ovarian cysts ... Read Full Answer
Most times, there are very little signs or symptoms of growth in the brain. It can also present with innocuous headaches if there is a rise in intracranial pressure. These headaches are usually progressive and get worse over time. There may be ass... Read Full Answer
Fibroadenomas are among the most common non-cancerous (benign) breast lumps in young women. They typically present as painless, highly mobile and firm nodules within the breast. Mammograms and breast ultrasounds are often used for furth... Read Full Answer
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Early prostate cancer is usually asymptomatic i.e. there are no symptoms. Men with prostate cancer are usually detected based on abnormal examination during digital rectal examination where nodules are felt on the prostate gland and/or due to... Read Full Answer