There are 3 ways to treat trigger fingers:
- Splinting, hand occupational therapy and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. These aim to relieve the inflammation around the involved tendon, mobilise and prevent adhesions from forming between the tendons.
- Corticosteroid injections. These are very effective and quick in relieving the pain and inflammation around the tendons that cause the triggering of the finger. Trigger finger can recur after treatments 1 and 2.
- Surgery. The aim of surgery is to eliminate the obstruction of the normal gliding of the tendon, which is swollen due to inflammation. Commonly, the proximal-most annular pulley is divided to achieve this. The surgery is done through a small incision on the palm of the hand and this will give a longlasting solution to trigger fingers. Trigger fingers rarely recur after surgery.